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Empire of Iran
- iso alpha2: IR
- isoalpha :: IRN
- iso numeric:: 364
- fips code: IR
- Capital: Tehran
- Area: 1648000
- Population: 81800269
Regions of Empire of Iran ..
Empire of Iran
Empire Gowns and Empire Waist Dresses|
Britain single-handedly won the Second World War, while the (which has never had an empire bigger than some Filipino peasant's back garden anywhere in its history) and blunders on the battlefield led the two countries to ruin and near economic collapse. One such blunder is the Dunkirk Evacuation (the Royal Navy just got the direction of the landings wrong).|
At no time could the Emperor simply issue decrees and govern autonomously over the Empire. His power was severely restricted by the various local leaders: after the late 15th century, the established itself as the legislative body of the Empire, a complicated assembly that convened irregularly at the request of the Emperor at varying locations. Only after 1663 would the become a permanent assembly.|
The was formed by turkic people who had migrated from central Asia during the latter part of the first millennium to the Black and Eastern Mediterranean Sea areas. By the late part of the first millennium the Seljuk Turks had established hegemony over ancient Persia and Anatolia. At the end of the thirteenth century Osman I declared his independence from the Seljuk Turks and established himself as the leader of the Ottoman Turks, who took their name after him. Over the following centuries the Ottomans established an empire that encompassed not only the lands of the Seljuk Turks, but extended into and beyond the Balkans in Europe, including the lands of the three ancient Eastern .|
Andy Warhol's 1964 film Empire, eight-hour long piece documenting the Empire State Building, is being shown from start to finish at James Fuentes gallery.|
However, it should take a few more decades until the new regulation was universally accepted and the new court began to actually function; only in 1512 would the Imperial Circles be finalized. The King also made sure that his own court, the , continued to function in parallel to the . It is interesting to note that in this year, the Empire also receives its new title, the ("Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation").|
The glory of the Empire almost collapsed in the Investiture Controversy, in which Pope Gregory VII declared a ban on King Henry IV (king 1056, Emperor 1084–1106). Although this was taken back after the 1077 Walk to Canossa, the ban had wide-reaching consequences. Meanwhile, the German dukes had elected a second king, Rudolf of Swabia, whom Henry IV could only defeat after a three-year war in 1080. The mythical roots of the Empire were permanently damaged; the German king was humiliated. Most importantly though, the church became an independent player in the political system of the Empire.|
During the long stays of the Hohenstaufen emperors (1138-1254) in , the German princes became stronger and began a successful, mostly peaceful colonisation of West Slavic lands, so that the empire's influence increased to eventually include Pomerania and Silesia|
The leaders of Alamannia, Bavaria, Frankia and Saxonia elected Conrad I of the Franks, not a Carolingian, as their leader in 911. His successor, Henry (Heinrich) I the Fowler (r. 919–936), a Saxon elected at the Reichstag of Fritzlar in 919, achieved the acceptance of a separate Eastern Empire by the West Frankish (still ruled by the Carolingians) in 921, calling himself (King of the East Franks). He founded the Ottonian dynasty.|